Section 301 Tariffs against China imports
President Trump announced a series of Section 301 tariffs against numerous goods imported into the United States from China. These Section 301 “Trump Tariffs” resulted from an investigation started by the United States Trade Representative (USTR) in August of 2017. The USTR issued a long report with its findings and recommendations on March 22, 2018. The report can be read here.
The tariffs were imposed in a series of three stages. Each stage was designed to add increased pressure against China in order to punish, or at least counter-act, unfair trade practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation by China.
The first stage involved goods with an estimated total annual trade value of $34 billion; the second stage was for goods valued at $16 billion; the third stage is for goods valued at $200 billion. The President has indicated there may be a fourth stage yet to come, but there has been no official proposal on what might be involved.
The first and second stage tariffs increased the duties on certain products by 25%. The products affected depends on their classification in certain “subheadings” of the tariff schedules.
The third stage has a 10% tariff (as of the time this page was last updated), but it will increase to 25% on January 1, 2019.
In total, 6,866 tariff subheadings are affected by the Section 301 Trump Tariffs against China.The USTR maintains a helpful summary of the status of all Section 301 tariffs, their current status, and lists of subheadings affected HERE.
To date, the fact that these tariffs might only end-up hurting domestic industries is getting a lot of attention (there is a lot of tariff activity). There seems to be little awareness or recognition — both with importers and the news community as a whole — that there is very large loophole in both new tariffs: exclusions.
Section 301 Exclusion Requests
The section 301 tariffs for the first and second stages allow importers to request an exclusion. The exclusion process for the first stage closed on October 9, 2018.
The exclusion requests for the second stage are due by December 18, 2018.
There has been no announcement of an exclusion program for the third stage yet, which seems to imply that there will be no exclusions allowed for the tariffs imposed on the subheadings of the third stage.
Exclusion requests should be filed by the importer or another interested party who purchases the product in the United States, such as a trade association. The USTR asks that each exclusion address the following:
- If the product is available in the United States
- If the duty will cause severe economic harm to the requester or other U.S. interests
- If the product is strategically important to China’s “Made in 2025” program
The USTR will also consider other rationale for granting a section 301 exclusion request.
Importers may be in a panic about the new tariffs; they should not. They should calmly consider requesting exclusions for the products so that the new tariffs will not apply to them, and they will not be required to pay the extra duties. Although the exclusion process can be done by anyone, as always, hiring an experienced attorney to advocate for the exclusion of the particular products will help to ensure the best result possible.
Warning: This information on this page is subject to our general disclaimer, and only current through Last updated: September 28, 2018 at 17:06 pm. For legal advice, please contact us for a consultation.
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